Alfred the Great
Alfred was the so-called first King of England, accepted by all the English that had not submitted to the Vikings. He defeated the Vikings multiple times and made a treaty with them to establish the Danelaw. Alfred's kingship extended beyond mere military leadership; his non-military achievements include his initiative to restore Latin learning and education in England.
The so-called first King of England succeeded the throne of Wessex in 871 and accomplished to make it the most powerful of the English kingdoms in the second half of the 9th century. He first defeated the Vikings in 878 at Edington and was victorious in battles throughout the '80s and '90s. Finally, around 890, he made a treaty with them to establish the Danelaw.
The remainder of Alfred's reign was relatively peaceful. Alfred, though king of Wessex only, had soon been accepted as king by all the English that had not submitted to the Vikings; in fact, Alfred may be called the first king of England.
Alfred is also famous for his cultural achievements. He was very religious, which motivated him to restore Latin learning and education in England. But he also initiated translations to make texts more available to his people – it is rumored he even translated Latin texts himself. He also initiated the writing of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, and important document in the history of England and the English language.
|Old English Period, Political, Religious, Standardisation, Vikings, Danelaw, Kings + Rulers, History|