Henry Beauclerc was crowned Henry I after the death of his brother William II. His eldest brother Robert contested his reign over England, but Henry defeated him at the Battle of Tinchebray and imprisoned him for the rest of his life. His only legitimate son died in 1120 and Henry I declared his daughter, Matilda, his heir. When Henry died of illness in 1135, Stephen of Blois succeeded him, leading to a long civil war with Matilda which brought great misery and devastation to the country.
|History, Kings + Rulers, Middle English Period, Political|