Henry was the son of John of Gaunt, fourth son of Edward III. After his father's death, Henry's cousin Richard II denied him all inheritance and exiled him. He returned with the also exiled former Archbishop Thomas Arundel and began a campaign to reclaim not only his patrimony, but later on also the English throne, where he may have become the first king after the Norman Conquest whose mother tongue was English rather than French. His reign was marked by series of plots against him and he died of some unknown illness in 1413.
|History, 100 Years War, Middle English Period, Kings + Rulers|