The Magna Carta is a document that acknowledges the constitutional framework of Henry II. During his troublesome reign, King John was forced to sign the Magna Carta in 1215. One of its outstanding achievements is that no one should be imprisoned, forfeit his lands or be exiled except by the judgement of his equals or common law.
A draft version was signed at Runnymede on 15 June 1215. This version was re-issued by King John's successor, Henry III, in 1216, 1217 and in its final version in 1225, which is still valid in English statute law. The provisions of the Magna Carta guarantee the liberties of the Church and the privileges of the barons and the citizens of London. A fixed royal court was to be held at Westminster as a constant institution of appeal to royal justice.
|History, Middle English Period, Political|