Timelines to Visualize History

A Project by the Department of Medieval English Literature and Historical Linguistics, University of Düsseldorf

Begin End Event Description Keywords Related Events
1066 -

Norman Conquest

When Edward the Confessor died without an heir, three people made a claim the throne: First was Harold Godwinson who ascended the throne, but was attacked by Scandinavian king Harald Hardrada in the north. Though Harold Godwinson won the battle, William of Normandy used the opportunity to attack in the south. Godwinson and his weakened armies hurried to the south, but lost the Battle of Hastings again William.

When Edward the Confessor died heirless in January 1066, Godwin's son Harold Godwinson claimed the throne. But Harold's reign didn't last long; the Duke of Normandy, William (later the Conqueror) had for some time maintained close connections with Edward, and his claim to the English throne was no novel thing in 1066.

William invaded at the same time when Harold had to face a Norwegian attack by Harald Hardrada, and while Harold could drive the Norwegians off, he met William directly after in the south, his army weakened from the freshly won battle.

William defeated the English at Battle of Hastings in October 1066, where Harold was killed, allegedly with an arrow through his eye. After several months of convincing all of England to accept him as king, William was eventually crowned as king on Christmas Day 1066 in Westminster Abbey. This marks the end of Anglo-Saxon history and the beginning of Anglo-Norman rule.
Political, Old English Period, Middle English Period, Norman Conquest, History