King John's reign is seen as the darkest period in medieval English history. His loss of Normandy in 1204 and his excommunication by the pope in 1209 led to a serious rebellion of the nobility in 1214. Eventually John had to sign the Magna Carta, acknowledging the constitutional framework of his father Henry II.
King John, also known as John Lackland, has had an unlucky reign. In 1204 he lost Normandy to France and was excommunicated by the pope in 1209, excluding John and his people from sacraments and his churchmen from all ecclesiastical privileges.
He is most famous for having to sign the Magna Carta in 1215. It was reissued by Henry III, but is still valid in English statute law. However the Magna Carta could not stabilize John's reign in the long run, and open rebellion arose again between 1258 and 1265, in the Baron's War.
|History, Middle English Period, Political, Kings + Rulers|